How Many Watts Can A 30 Amp Charge Controller Handle?

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What is the power rating for a 30 amp charge controller

30 amps charge controller – how much power in watts?

How many watts will a 30 amp charge controller handle?

Charge controller specification sheets don’t normally indicate a maximum power rating in watts. After all, this can easily be figured out using volts and amps, right?

It gets complicated when dealing with devices that can have more than one input voltage and output voltage.

The output charging volts can be set or variable depending on the controller, which allows 12V, 24V, 48V or higher voltage battery banks to be charged.

The first step is to consider which type of solar charge controller is to be used, MPPT or PWM.

Solar charge controller power rating in watts is determined by output current and output charging voltage. A 30 amp charge controller with nominal 12 volt output can handle 360 watts. The same charge controller charging a battery with 24V nominal voltage can handle 720 watts.

Video – Understanding Max Power of Victron Solar Charge Controllers

 

What’s the difference between MPPT and PWM charge controllers?

PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) charge controllers are the cheaper option and are definitely not as efficient as the more expensive MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking).

You can find a thorough explanation here, but basically MPPT controllers match the internal resiatnce of connected solar panels which creates the right conditions for maximum power conversion.

MPPT can be up to 40% more efficient than PWM controllers. (MPPT vs PWM tests.)

The other significant difference is the input voltages allowed for each type. A PWM charger generally has a much lower input voltage than MPPT (see tables later on in post).

Note: Typical open circuit volts (Voc) for a nominal 12 volt panel can be between 18 and 22 volts. the voltage reduces when in operation.

30 amp PWM charge controller typical specifications

PWM controllers operate in a basic way and are not very adaptable in terms of PV input.

If the battery charging profile calls for 30 amp charging current at 14 volts, then any extra power supplied by the solar panels will be simply wasted.

While there is some variation in PV input volts in the more expensive models, in general the input voltage level is much lower than MPPT.

 pwm 30 amp charge controller

Typical mass-produce 30 amp PWM charge controller handles 360 watts

TABLE 1 – Specifications for PWM charge controllers compared

Charge Controller

Output current rating

(DC amps)

Nominal battery voltage (DC output)

Recommended PV voltage (Voc input)

Power rating (watts)

Blue Sky Sun Charger 30

30

(27 preferred)

12 volts

24 volts

360 watts

HQST-CTRL-PWM30

30

12/24 volts (auto detect)

55 volts max.

360/720 watts

Samlex Solar SCC-30AB

30

12/24 volts (manual switch)

50 volts max

360/720 watts

Coleman 30 Amp Digital

30

12 volts

25 volts max.

360 watts

Xantrex Solar 30 Amp

30

12/24 volts (auto detect)

50 volts max.

360/720 watts

Morningstar Prostar

15/30

12/24 (manual)

60 volts max.

180/360 watts

Renogy Wanderer

30

12 volts

25 volts

360 watts

30 amp MPPT charge controller typical specifications

MPPT controllers can be several times more expensive than PWM but they can provide up to 40% more charging energy.

They do this by tracking the maximum power point (MPP) of the solar panels input. Higher voltages are converted into current instead of wasted.

In general, much higher input voltages and output charging voltages are allowed, meaning a 30 amp MPPT charge can handle more watts.

TABLE 2 – Specifications for MPPT charge controllers compared

Charge Controller

Output current rating

(DC amps)

Nominal battery voltage (DC output)

Recommended PV voltage (Voc input)

Power rating (watts)

Midnite Solar - The Kid

30

12 to 48 volts

150 volts max

360 to 1440 watts

Jaboni 30A-MPPT-RVC

30

12 volts

45 volts max.

550 watts

Morningstar TS-MPPT-30 

30

12/24/48 volts

150 volts max

400/800/1600 watts

AIMS 30 AMP MPPT

30

12/24 volts

100 volts max.

400/800 watts

Microcare LED MPPT 30

30

12/24 volts (auto detect)

50 volts max.

360/720 watts

Renogy Rover

30

12/24 (auto)

60 volts max.

780 watts

How many watts can a 60 amp charge controller handle

Charge controller watts depends on the output charging voltage. For a 12 volt charging system, the power in watts would be:

60 amps x 12 volts = 720 watts

If charging a 24 volt battery bank at 60 amps, then the power calculation is:

60 amps x 24 volts = 1440 watts

MPPT controllers are often able to handle more power, as they operate in a completely different way.

Dual output mppt 30 amp charge controller

MPPT controllers are more efficient and genrally handle more watts

How many watts can a 50 amp charge controller handle

In general, charging volts for higher amp charge controllers can be selected between 12 or 24 volts. In each case the power handled would be different.

If charging at 50 amps for a 12 volt battery bank:

50 amps x 12 volts = 600 watts

When recharging a 24 volt battery bank at 50 amps, it would be:

50 amps x 24 volts = 1200 watts

How many watts can a 100 amp charge controller handle

As the current rating of solar chargers get higher, the output charging voltage increases, particularly with MPPT technology.

A good quality MPPT charge controller may have output settings of 12, 24, 36 and 48 volts. In each case the power being handled would be different:

100 amps x 12 volts = 1200 watts

100 amps x 24 volts = 2400 watts

100 amps x 36 volts = 3600 watts

100 amps x 48 volts = 4800 watts

How many watts can a 20 amp charge controller handle

Lower current devices generally specify one PV voltage input of 12 volt nominal (22V Voc) and one output charge voltage of 12V.

20 amps x 12 volts = 240 watts

How many watts can a 40 amp charge controller handle

MPPT or PWM 40 amp charge controllers may or may not have variable input PV and battery charging output volts, but let’s assume 2 possible output voltages of 12 and 24 volts:

40 amps x 12 volts = 480 watts

40 amps x 24 volts = 960 watts

How long will a 100ah battery run an appliance?

The table below gives run-time estimates in hours for a 100Ah leisure (deep-cycle) battery running various DC and AC loads.

Run-time for AC loads is slightly less than DC because an inverter needs to be used, which have an efficiency of about 95%.

Hours Run Time 12 volts 100Ah deep-cycle lead-acid battery (50%DoD)

Load in watts


Run time in hours

DC Load

AC Load

20

30

28.5

40

15

14.25

100

6

5.7

300

2

1.9

500

1.2

1.14

600

1

0.95

1000

0.6

0.57

1500

0.45

0.427

3000

0.2

0.19

How many solar panels does it take to charge a 100ah battery?

It all depends on the state of charge of the battery. I’m assuming that it’s a lead-acid battery and it isn’t discharged 100%.

The table below shows how many solar watts would be needed to recharge a 100Ah auto battery with DoD (Depth of Discharge) 20% and also a 100Ah deep-cycle battery with DoD 50%.

As solar panel output is very dependent on irradiation, I show how the solar power needs to be adjusted depending on geographic location.

Location

Glasgow, UK

Chicago, Il

Lancaster, Ca

Peak-sun-hours/day

1.86

4.03

8.07

Solar panel rating in watts needed to fully charge each battery type in one day - full capacity  100Ah

Car Battery - 20Ah discharged (20%) - 240 Wh required

130 watts solar panel rating required

60 watts solar panel rating required

30 watts solar panel rating required

Deep-cycle - 50Ah discharged (50%) - 600Wh required

322 watts solar panel rating rerquired

149 watts solar panel rating required

75 watts solar panel rating required

Charge controller specifications and PDFs:

PWM 30A solar charge controllers

Blue Sky Energy Sun Charger SC30

HQST-CTRL-PWM30-LCD-Manual

30AmpDigitalColemanManual

Samlex 30 Amp Solar Charge ControllerSCC-30AB

Renogy Wanderer

MPPT 30 amp solar charge controllers

Tristar MPPT 30A

AIMS 30 AMP MPPT

Microcare LED MPPT 30

Renogy Rover

 


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